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Advanced Oxygenation Process


supernova-crab-nebulaBill Bryson once famously said that the thing about space is that it is, well, spacious.  And that it is.  In amongst all that space are a surprisingly large number of hydrogen and helium atoms. In addition there is also electromagnetic radiation, magnetic fields and cosmic rays.  During the early part of the 1960's, when the Vietnam war was starting to heat up, scientists discovered the presence of OH (hydroxyl) radicals in a Supernova.  11,000 light years away is the constellation of Cassiopeia and it was here that the OH radicals were discovered.  A supernova is an astronomical event that occurs during the last stellar evolutionary stages of a massive star's life, whose dramatic and catastrophic destruction is marked by one final titanic explosion.  For obvious reasons, supernova have enthralled astronomers and physicists alike.  There is a supernatural quality to supernova that in their understanding, there might exist a glimpse into the understanding of the cosmos.

Back on earth, hydroxyl radicals are associated with the excited state of system, which is a quantum state - and here too we run into comprehension issues.  This is the turf of complicated physics and an unlikely water related reading matter.  Except though, the use of hydroxyl's is starting to make some headway in the field of waste water and effluent treatment.  The hydroxyl radical is highly reactive and very short lived.  Reportedly, hydroxyl radicals react with long chain organic molecules by severing multi-valent bonds.  The disassembled organic molecule is reduced to constituent inorganic molecules.

This is a useful technology for engineers in the soluble COD removal business.  Predictably, the mechanism whereby hydroxyl radicals are produced requires expertise and expensive equipment.  This is a detractor for its more general use in waste water treatment.  Like Moore's Law, it is likely that hydroxyl generators will become less expensive and at the same time significantly more efficient.

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