Potable water treatment is the process of purifying and making water safe for human consumption. It involves various steps to remove impurities and contaminants from raw or contaminated water sources. These steps typically include coagulation and flocculation, sedimentation, filtration, disinfection, and optional treatments such as pH adjustment and chemical addition. The objective is to eliminate harmful microorganisms, particles, and pollutants, ensuring that the water meets stringent quality standards and is suitable for drinking. Potable water treatment plays a crucial role in safeguarding public health by providing clean and safe drinking water to communities.